Howrah Railway Station
Howrah Station is a major station in West Bengal, India. It is one of the four stations such as Shalimar Station, Sealdah Station and Kolkata railway station which connects four major cities of west Bengal. It is located near Hooghly River which is connected to Kolkata with the magnificent Howrah Bridge. Howrah Bridge is a symbol of Kolkata. Howrah Station is the busiest station in India. This railway station has large complex. It is the second-oldest station in India after Mumbai.
British colonial government started constructing a rail link from Kolkata to Bardhaman district where coalfields were available in 1854. When they started constructing railway line at that time in Howrah, it was a small town.
British period’s engineer Halsey Ricardo designed the present Howrah station building. 15 platform tracks were built for the station and after sometime they built 8 more platform tracks. Currently Howrah Station has 23 numbers of platforms and there are plans of building more platforms. For the convenience of the passengers they made Yatri Niwas which provides dormitory/single room/ double room accommodation for travellers.
Howrah station has a huge covered waiting area between the main compound and the platforms for passengers. Waiting Room and retiring rooms facilities are available at the station.
The station has unique facility of vehicular carriageways near platforms which is helpful for travellers because they are dropped near rail compartments.
Howrah station is confluence of two railway zones. Eastern Railway serves this station for local trains which runs from Howrah to Tarakeswar, Katwa, Belur Math, Shrirampur, Bandel, Pandua, Sheoraphuli, Chandanpur, Memari, Gurap and Bardhman; and mail trains connect this city to other parts of India such as Central, North and North-East.
Second zone, South Eastern Railways serves this station for local trains and connects it to Mecheda, Panskura, Amta, Haldia, Tamluk, Medinipur, Haldia and Kharagpur and mail trains runs between Howrah to West, Central and South India.
This station is so important that around six hundred trains runs from this station each day and servers millions of travellers. Both Zones Eastern and South Eastern Railways serve this station. Howrah is linked with Kolkata station through Kolkata suburban railway and also well connected with other major cities of India.
Eastern Railway operates Howrah station.
Earlier South Eastern Railway was called as the Bengal-Nagpur Railway. It has built trunk routes from Kolkata to Nagpur which connects to Great Indian Peninsular route to Mumbai, another trunk route goes towards Vijayawada Junction and connects it to Great Indian Peninsular route to Chennai.
And current Eastern Railway was known as East Indian Railway and it built the trunk route between Kolkata to Delhi and beyond it.
Four main trunk rail routes such as Howrah-Delhi, Howrah-Chennai, Howrah-Mumbai and Howrah-Guwahati end in Howrah.
Eastern Railway manages trains running between Howrah to north, north-west, north-east & eastern part of India through Katwa line and Barddhaman line. And on the other side South Eastern Railway manages trains which run for southern part of India such as south-eastern, south-western, western & central part of India through Medinipur Line.
In 1969, India’s first Rajdhani Express was started between Howrah to New Delhi.
There are two links such as Lilua-Tikiaparha link and Rajchandrapur/Dankuni-Bankrha link which connects Eastern Railway and South Eastern Railway zones. Only good trains used the second Rajchandrapur/Dankuni-Bankrha link.